From the 25th of November to the 10th of December, women’s organizations around
the world raises awareness on violence against women and girls. These 16 days of
activism against gender-based violence are a global campaign started in 1991. The American Samoa Alliance against Domestic & Sexual Violence recognizes the 25th of November is when the 16 days begin and is the International Day for the Elimination of All Forms of Violence Against Women and Girls. The last day is December 10th, known as the International Human Rights Day.
The 16 Days of Activism were created as an act of remembrance to honor the three Mirabal sisters, victims of political murders by the secret police in the Dominican Republic. The Women’s Global Leadership Institute led the global campaign thirty years ago. Today they still coordinate the campaign which involves more than 6,000 organizations in 187 countries.
Each year is devoted to a different theme – in 2019, the campaign ran under the
hashtag #RatifyILO190, which urges States to ratify the 2019 Convention of the
International Labor Organization regarding violence and harassment. Although this
Convention is applicable in all cases; it specifically tackles gender-based violence and
harassment, acknowledging that the main victims are women.
In honor of the 16 Days of Activism, the Alliance will post daily messages on social media (i.e. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc) to focus on issues that help to shine a spotlight
domestic violence, sexual violence and femicide. Other Advocacy groups will organize huge marches in great capitals and small towns alike. In Chile this year, the feminist collective Lastesis
presented the powerful performance “The rapist is you” outside the Ministry for
women’s rights and equality, and it was soon adapted by other groups in cities such as
Paris. Besides street protests, the 16 days of activism are also a chance to organize many
conference, seminars and social media publications, making sure that violence against
women and girls remain high on the agenda.
These 16 days of activism are your opportunity to engage with women’s rights and
fight for a future in which all women and girls are free from violence. From your own
personal life to political organizing or direct support, there are many ways to combat
violence makes perpetrators accountable and support victims. Join us and support us
work to guarantee we end gender-based violence in American Samoa!
Alliance) held its first ever Poetry Slam, encouraging participants to “Embrace their Voices” against Sexual Assault, in partnership with Brown Girl Woke founder, Maluseu Doris Tulifau. The Alliance is committed to providing youth a platform to heal, and reflect on issues of violence. On November 14, we held our fourth poetry slam at the American Samoa Community College Multi-Purpose Center. November’s theme was to encourage participants to BE BOLD BE HEARD allowing participants to take a stand, and let their voices be heard.
“The best part of working with the youth is that they are a marginalized group,” stated Maluseu, “because of culture and transitions the youth never get to speak or feel that their voice matters.” The Alliance supports the poetry slam because it offers a safe place for our community, especially our young people to speak their truth on conflicts they witness or experience.
More than a dozen voices provided their stories, including two of the judges who were so moved by all the pieces. The narratives were about politics, depression, nature, science, domestic and sexual violence, etc. This recent poetry slam definitely ended with a SLAM!
Alliance Executive Director, Jennifer Tofaeono commented, “We are grateful for the yearly success of Poetry Slam. The Alliance is committed to increasing awareness in our community about topics that make our youth feel unsafe. The partnerships with ASCC, the local Department of Education, and Brown Girl Woke, and many more has really helped to create safe spaces. We are extremely proud of our collaborative efforts.”
The Alliance thanks our local Judges, Local Representative Sam Meleisea, Empowering Pacific Island Communities (EPIC) staff, Ms.Saipan Cassens, Executive Director Nancy Tagaloa of Catholic Social Services, Robert Toelupe of Department of Veterans Affairs and American Samoa Community College Instructor Derek Helsham.
All participants were given a prize for their participation and four of those participants were given prizes for placing top four. Special appreciation, and tremendous gratitude to our local businesses for our prizes Tanoa, Lijah’s Gift Shop, Bluesky, Forsgren’s Koko Samoa Bliss Cheat Day ACE Hardware All Stars and ASCC Staff Derek Helsham & Kayla Sauafea. Your contributions continue to help make our Poetry Slam’s a success.
If you would like more information on our next Poetry Slam, please contact Alliance Program Specialist, Judy Matautia at 699-0272, visit our Facebook, and Webpage, or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
American Samoa Alliance against Domestic & Sexual Violence, Back on Track, & Peerlink National Technical Assistance Center offered a Free Five Day Training on developing “Peer Support Specialists”Read Now
American Samoa Alliance against Domestic & Sexual Violence (aka Alliance) has partnered with Community Advocate, Back on Track, and Peerlink National Technical Assistance Center, a program funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to provide a “Peer Support Specialist” Free Training held October 31, 2019 to November 4, 2019.
Attendees of the five-day training event received education on the effectiveness of fellow peer support, focusing on those who experience mental health issues, that intersect with addiction and/or substance abuse. The training was facilitated by Donita Diamata, Director of Peerlink National Technical Assistance Center, and Sean Syrek a part-time wellness specialist with the Mental Health and Addiction Association of Oregon, and a Defense Case Manager for the Parent Child Reunification Program.
The Alliance is grateful for the partnership with Peerlink National Technical Assistance, and Back on Track. There has been an increase in reported acts of violence in American Samoa by people under the influence of substance such as alcohol, and/or drugs. Training Peer Support Counselors, with lived experience of substance abuse and mental health through an approved curriculum from the Pacific Behavioral Health Collaborating Council (PBHCC), allows attendees to help others. Peer support is a great way to introduce people with life experience to provide support by relating to others with similar life stories. Those who attended the five-day training received certification as a Peer Support Specialist.
In October the American Samoa Alliance against Domestic & Sexual Violence (aka the Alliance), and its partners focused on National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, a time for communities to come together and reflect upon the experiences of the victims and combat the culture which enables the perpetrators. Although the voices and perspectives of victims of domestic violence are of the utmost importance, we must not forget that dismantling this form of patriarchal violence is not just in the hands of women, but also of men.
In American Samoa, men and boys learn from an early age not to interfere between couples’ disputes and that they are the ones in charge of the household, the heads of the family, and therefore their views should not be questioned. Although there are many aspects of our culture which celebrate non-violence and positive masculinity, the gender hierarchy allows perpetrators of violence to act freely and disproportionally hurts women and girls. Most men will not become domestic abusers, however, if men keep looking away and enabling other men to commit acts of violence against their wives and loved ones, we will never be able to eliminate domestic violence.
That is why we are calling on all men and boys of American Samoa to stand up for gender equality and have a zero-tolerance attitude towards all violence against women and girls.
We need to work together on perpetrator accountability and understand why some men think violence is an adequate response to everyday problems. We need to make sure our boys grow up in an environment in which violence is not normalized, we must make sure they are taught to respect women and girls and that they understand how aggressive and controlling behavior towards your loved ones is a toxic form of masculinity.
The protection of the victims should always come first, but if we take prevention seriously, it is clear we must work with boys and men as well. We need a collective effort to analyze the root causes of domestic violence and design strategies to change the cultural norms and behaviors that allow it to happen. We need to highlight positive male role models, men who stand up for the women in their communities and go the extra mile to make sure there are no perpetrators in their families or villages.
The Alliance has held focus groups with men in the community and will be sharing these findings December 1, 2019. We hope this will inspire men and boys across our community to join our fight.
October is National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, an important awareness-raising initiative which was started in 1981 by the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. As always, the American Samoa Alliance against Domestic & Sexual Violence (the Alliance), along with thousands of organizations across the United States, take up this opportunity to spread awareness about the impact of violence against women and encourage communities to act against it and support its victims.
This Day of Unity became an opportunity for advocates and shelter workers to come together with victims and loved ones of people affected by domestic violence, with the cooperation of local governments concerned with this epidemic that takes the lives of thousands of women each year. Since 2014, homicides of intimate partners has been rising and it remains one of the major forms of gender-based violence for Pacific Islanders.
Although only 18,3% of Asian Pacific Islanders reported to have been a victim of domestic violence according to a 2012 report, the real number is expected to be much higher and it contradicts the trends in neighboring countries: 64% of women in Fiji, 46% in Samoa and 40% in Tonga have experienced domestic violence. Overall, 3 out of 5 Pacific Islanders are abused. This leads victims’ advocates in American Samoa to believe many women do not feel comfortable coming forward and there is a need to raise-awareness in the community and combat the normalization of violence between intimate partners.
Research performed by the Alliance found that cultural norms in American Samoa may foster an environment in which domestic violence is considered as “normal”. The report of the research states: “while the Fa’aSamoa does not condone violence, the responsibilities, traditional roles and protocols of the Fa’aSamoa create an environment in which women are inherently subordinate to men which then translates to male dominance, and further transmutes to discrimination and in the worst case, ‘wife beating’ for cause such as adultery or withholding sex”.
The gender inequality inherent to these cultural hierarchies lead some men to believe domestic violence is a way to deal with everyday problems. Due to the collectivist nature of American Samoa culture and living arrangements, incidents of domestic violence are usually witnessed by other members of the village, but it is still viewed as disrespectful to report these incidents to law enforcement.
Victims of domestic violence should not feel ashamed or guilty, and they should have access to services and professionals who can adequately support them. We must work with community leaders and incentivize collaborative strategies to support and empower American Samoa women and change the current paradigm which ignores domestic violence as the serious problem that it is. We must challenge the patriarchal norms that normalize domestic violence and instead encourage men and boys to respect women and girls and criticize abusers within their community.
Domestic violence is a not a private problem within a couple, it is rather a global human rights violation which we should all fight against. The murders of battered wives and the long-lasting effects of domestic violence for children who witness it must awake our collective consciousness and force us to act together.
During the month of October, the Alliance and its partners, Department of Human Social Services, Catholic Social Services, LBJ Tropical Medical Center, Community Health Center, Department of Legal Affairs, Criminal Justice Planning Agency, American Samoa Legal Aid Office and others, will be wearing Purple every Thursday to honor victims and survivors of Domestic Violence. Please send us your photos to email@example.com and we will post them on our Facebook Page.